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Ralph Whitney Johnson: 1923-1999

Professor Johnson began teaching in 1955 at the University of Washington, after spending six years in private practice. He received both Ford Foundation and NSF grants and taught as a visiting professor at Harvard and UCLA law schools.

Ralph JohnsonHis primary interests were in natural resource and American Indian law and he served as a consultant to a number of national and international agencies and to Indian tribes. He was the Faculty Chair of the Center for Environmental Law and Policy, which he created in 1993.

Professor Johnson was a dedicated teacher, and in recognition of this was awarded the Student Bar Association's "Teacher of the Year Award" for 1983-84. In June 1998, Professor Johnson received the University of Oregon's Distinguished Service Award. He was admitted to the bar in both Washington and Oregon.

The Center for Environmental Law & Policy has a page on Ralph Johnson's legacy.

The lists below identify Professor Johnson's publications, including books, chapters in books, government publications and reports, and articles in law reviews and other periodicals.


Biographical Information

Born: Oct. 11, 1923.
Died: Aug. 3, 1999.

Professor of Law 1955-1999
B.S. in Law 1947, J.D. 1949, University of Washington
Diploma 1961, Hague Academy of International Law, Center for Studies and Research


Books

Titles are linked to the Gallagher Law Library's catalog records so that readers can identify library locations and call numbers.

Environmental Law in the United States: Eight Lectures Prepared for Southwest Institute of Political Science and Law, Chongqing, China (R.W. Johnson, 1985). 82 leaves.

Richard G. Hildreth & Ralph W. Johnson, Ocean and Coastal Law (Prentice-Hall, 1983). 514 pp.

Felix S. Cohen's Handbook on Federal Indian Law (1982 ed., Michie Co., 1982). 912 pp. Ralph W. Johnson served on the Board of Authors and Editors.

John W. Milne & Ralph W. Johnson, Criminal Procedure for Indian Courts (Native American Rights Fund, 1982). 397 pp.

Richard G. Hildreth & Ralph W. Johnson, Ocean and Coastal Law (1981 rev. ed., The authors, 1981). 3 vols.

Basic Civil Law for Tribal Courts (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1981). 192 pp. (Studies for American Indian Court Judges)

John W. Milne & Ralph W. Johnson, Instructors Manual for Criminal Procedure for Indian Courts and Criminal Law for Indian Courts (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1981).  3, 2, 47 pp.

Basic Civil Law for Tribal Courts (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1980). 178 pp.

John W. Milne & Ralph W. Johnson, Criminal Law for Indian Courts (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1980). 165 pp.

John W. Milne & Ralph W. Johnson, Criminal Procedure for Indian Courts (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1980). 397 pp.

Richard G. Hildreth & Ralph W. Johnson, Ocean and Coastal Law (Sea Grant Programs of Oregon and Washington, 1980). 2 vols.

Ralph W. Johnson & Sue Crystal, Criminal Law & Procedure for Indian Court Judges (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1977). 315 pp. (Studies for American Indian Court Judges)

Ralph W. Johnson & Gardner Mallard Brown, Cleaning up Europe's Waters: Economics, Management, and Policies (Praeger, 1976). 313 pp. (Praeger Special Studies in International Politics and Government)

Ralph W. Johnson & Jay V. White, Cases and Materials for Indian Court Judges (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1976). 476 pp.

Ralph W. Johnson & Jay V. White, Course of Instruction for Indian Court Judges, 1975-1976: Syllabus and Lesson Plan: Advanced Criminal Law (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1975). 193 pp. (Studies for American Indian Court Judges)

Ralph W. Johnson & David Schnapf, Water Resource Management: A Coursebook in Law and Public Policy, 1974 Supplement (Foundation Press, 1974).

Weather Modification in the Public Interest (University of Washington Press, 1974). 88 pp.

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Chapters in Books

Ralph W. Johnson & William C. Galloway, Can the Public Trust Doctrine Prevent Extinctions?, in Biodiversity and the Law (Island Press, 1996).

In Simple Justice to a Downtrodden People: Justice Douglas and the American Indian Cases, in "He Shall Not Pass This Way Again": The Legacy of William O. Douglas (University of Pittsburgh Press for the William O. Douglas Institute, 1990).

The Emerging Recognition of a Public Interest in Water: Water Quality Control by the Public Trust Doctrine, in Water and the American West: Essays in Honor of Raphael J. Moses (Natural Resources Law Center, University of Colorado School of Law, 1988).

Water Policies and Law: Integrated Control, in Water Resources Policy for Asia (A.A. Balkema, 1987). 627 pp. (Proceedings of the Regional Symposium on Water Resources Policy in Agro-Socio-Economic Development, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 4-8 August 1985." )

Legal and Institutional Approaches to Salinity Management, in Salinity in Irrigation and Water Resources (M. Dekker, 1981). 432 pp.

The U.S. Indian Fishing Rights Controversy: Implications for Salmon Management, in Coastal Resources in the Future of BC (Westwater Research Centre, University of British Columbia, 1979). 126 pp.

Ralph W. John & Gardner M. Brown, Jr., Comprehensive Management and Efficient Charge System in European Water Management, in International Conference on Water Law and Administration (Ministerio del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables de Venezuela, 1976). 3 vols.

Ralph W. Johnson & Jay V. White, Trial and Appellate Court Procedures, in Studies for Indian Court Judges, 1972 (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1973). 2 vols.

Analysis of Inter-Basin Transfer Problems, in National Water Policy Conference (American Bar Association, 1972). 4 vols. in 1.

Ralph W. Johnson & Jay V. White, Civil Jurisdiction of Indian Tribal Courts, in Studies of Civil Law (National American Indian Court Judges Association, 1972). 1 vol.

Federal Organization for the Control of Weather Modification, in Controlling the Weather: A Study of Law and Regulatory Processes (Dunellen Co., 1970).

Ralph W. Johnson & G. Richard Morry, New Small Lake Law; Open Space and Recreation, in Contemporary Developments in Water Law (University of Texas at Austin, Center for Research in Water Resources, 1970). 177 pp. (Water Resources Symposium no. 4)

Legal Implications of Weather Modification, in Weather Modification and the Law (Oceana, 1968). 228 pp.

The Columbia Basin, in The Law of International Drainage Basins (Oceana Publications for the Institute of International Law, 1967). 916 pp.

State and Federal Laws Which Retard High Seas Fisheries Developments, in Exploiting the Ocean: Transactions of the Second Annual MTS Conference and Exhibit (Marine Technology Society, 1966). 2 vols.

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Government Publications & Reports

The Public Trust Doctrine and Coastal Zone Management in Washington State (Washington Department of Ecology, 1993). (Department of Ecology Publication # 93-54)

The Evolution of Washington Public Trust Doctrine Case Law, in The Public Trust Doctrine in Washington State: Proceedings of the Symposium, November 18, 1992 (Washington Department of Ecology, 1993). (Department of Ecology Publication #93-53)

Public Trust Doctrine, in Washington Public Trust Doctrine Symposium November 18, 1992, Seattle (Washington Department of Ecology, 1992). 4 videocassettes

The Public Trust Doctrine Handbook: A Description and Model for Washington's Shoreline Permit Administrators (Washington Department of Ecology, 1992).

Tribal Court Handbook for the 26 Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State (2d ed., Ralph W. Johnson & Rachael Paschal eds., Washington State Bar Association, Indian Law Section, 1992).

Tribal Court Handbook for the 26 Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State (Ralph W. Johnson & Rachael Paschal eds., Washington State Bar Association, Indian Law Section, 1991).

Ralph W. Johnson & Rachael Paschal, A Report of Findings and Recommendations, A Tribal Court Handbook for the 26 Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State, and A Compendium of Agreements Between the 26 Federally Recognized Tribes in Washington State and State and Local Governments, in Final Report [of the] Washington State Forum to Seek Solutions to Jurisdictional Conflicts Between Tribal and State Courts (The Forum, 1991).

Public Trust Doctrine Applications for Alaskan Oil Transport, in Spill: The Wreck of the Exxon Valdez: Implications for Safe Transportation of Oil (Alaska Oil Spill Commission, 1990). 4 vols.

Indian Tribal Codes: A Microfiche Collection of Indian Tribal Law Codes (1988 ed., Ralph Johnson ed., Marian Gould Gallagher Law Library, University of Washington School of Law, 1988). 245 microfiche. (Research Studies Series no. 5)

Alternative Approaches to Alaska Native Land and Governance / prepared for the Alaska Native Review Commission (R.W. Johnson, 1984). 81 pp.

Indian Tribal Codes: A Microfiche Collection of Indian Tribal Law Codes (Ralph W. Johnson ed., University of Washington School of Law, 1981). 42 pp. & 195 microfiche. (Research Studies Series, no. 1)

Ralph W. Johnson & Richard J. Goldsmith, Coastal Zone Law and Policy (University of Washington School of Law, 1977). 502 pp.

Ralph W. Johnson & David G. Ortez, OCS Onshore Impact Concerns (National Academy of Sciences Committee to Evaluate Outer Continental Shelf Studies, 1977). 1 vol.

Legal and Institutional Problems in the Management of Salinity (University of Washington, 1975). 30, [5] pp. (Funded by U.S. Office of Water Resources Research, completion report, OWRR no. A-076-WASH.)

Ralph W. Johnson with the assistance of William Woodhead & Ken Tickner, Review and Analysis of State Statutes Pertaining to Statewide Development Planning and Land, Water and Air Resource Management (1975). 1 vol. (Performed under contract between Pacific Northwest Regional Commission and the Office of the Governor of State of Washington)

Water Diversion and the Moratorium, in Water Resources Policy Issues B1975 (Oregon State University, Water Resources Research Institute, 1975). 93 pp.

Justice and the American Indian, in U.S. Congress, Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Reform of the Federal Criminal Laws, Part 12: Hearing, April 17, 18, 1975 (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975). 395 pp.

The Courts as Environmental Protectors (Institute of Governmental Research, University of Washington, 1974). 6 pp. (Washington Public Policy Notes, v. 2, no. 1)

Law of Interbasin Transfers (National Technical Information Service, 1972). 213 pp.

Legal Background for Coastal Zone Management, in Proceedings of Symposium on Shoreline Management: The Washington Experience (University of Washington, Washington Sea Grant Program, 1972).

The Area of Origin and a Columbia River Diversion (State of Washington Water Research Center, 1971). 41 pp. (State of Washington Water Research Center. Report no. 5B)

Major Interbasin Transfers Legal Aspects - Legal Study Number 7, in U.S. National Water Commission. National Water Commission Reports (National Water Commission, 1971). 1 vol.

Legal Implications and Institutions, in Jack D. Lackner, Precipitation Modification (National Technical Information Service, 1971). 1 vol. Prepared for the U.S. National Water Commission. (Report NWC-EES-71-005) (PB 201534)

Constitutional Revision in Washington; Legal Aspects (Ralph W. Johnson ed., University of Washington School of Law, 1970). 1 vol.

A Study of Various Procedures Utilized by Selected Water-Oriented Special Districts Which Are Common to All of Them (University of Washington School of Law, 1970). 139 pp. (Completion Report, OWRR Project No. A-030-Wash.)

Studies in American Indian Law (Ralph W. Johnson ed., University of Washington School of Law, 1970-71). 2 vols.

The Law and the American Indian, in Poverty and the Legal Process (University of Washington School of Law, 1969). 2 vols.

Weather Modification and Legal Research, in Task Group on Human Dimensions of the Atmosphere, Human Dimensions of the Atmosphere, a Draft Report to the National Science Foundation by the Task Group (Program on Applications Analysis, National Center for Atmospheric Research, 1968). 376 pp.

Recent Federal Legislation Affecting the State's Water Resources (University of Washington School of Law, 1966). 11 leaves.

Richard Van Cleve & Ralph W. Johnson, Management of the High Seas Fisheries of the Northeastern Pacific: A Preliminary Survey of Current Issues (University of Washington Printing Plant, 1963). 63 pp. (College of Fisheries. Contribution no. 160)

Space Law, in American Society of International Law. Pacific Northwest Regional Meeting (1958 Apr. 18-19: Seattle) Recent Developments in the Columbia River Controversy (University of Washington, 1958). (Institute of International Affairs; no. 13)

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Articles

Indian Tribes and the Legal System (Symposium: Indian Law into the Twenty-First Century), 72 Wash.L. Rev. 1021-41 (1997).

Ralph W. Johnson & Berrie Martinis, Chief Justice Rehnquist and the Indian Cases, 16 Pub. Land L. Rev. 1-25 (1995).

Ralph W. Johnson & William C. Galloway, Protection of Biodiversity under the Public Trust Doctrine (Biodiversity Symposium) 8 Tul. Env'l L. J. 21-32 (1994).

Ralph W. Johnson & Berrie Martinis, State Authority and Obligations under the Clean Water Act, 4 Rivers 239 (1993).

Ralph W. Johnson & William H. Rodgers, Jr., Professor Cornelius J. Peck: A Man of Many Talents, 69 Wash. L. Rev. 325-30 (1994).

Ralph W. Johnson, Craighton Goeppele, David Jansen & Rachael Paschal, The Public Trust Doctrine and Coastal Zone Management in Washington State, 67 Wash. L. Rev. 521-97 (1992).

Ralph W. Johnson & Sharon I. Haensly, Fifth Amendment Takings Implications of the 1990 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (Symposium: The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 and State Repatriation-Related Legislation) 24 Ariz.St. L.J. 151-73 (1992).

Fragile Gains: Two Centuries of Canadian and United States Policy Toward Indians, 66 Wash. L. Rev. 643-718 (1991).

Oil and the Public Trust Doctrine in Washington, 14 U. Puget Sound L. Rev. 671-708 (1991).

The Fletcher Years, 65 Wash. L. Rev. 281-84 (1990).

Water Pollution and the Public Trust Doctrine (Symposium on the Public Trust Doctrine and the Waters of the American West: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow), 19 Envt'l L. 485-513 (1989).

Ralph W. Johnson & James M. Madden, Sovereign Immunity in Indian Tribal Law, 12 Am. Indian L. Rev. 153-93 (1986).

Book Review, Alaska Natives and American Laws, 61 Wash. L. Rev. 287-92 (1986).

Dale Jamieson & Ralph W. Johnson, Overview: Environmental Protection in Canada, 28 Env't 2 (July-Aug. 1986).

Richard G. Hildreth & Ralph W. Johnson, CZM in California, Oregon, and Washington (Symposium on Coastal Zone Management), 25 Nat. Resources J. 103-65 (1985).

Gardner M. Brown, Jr. & Ralph W. Johnson, Pollution Control by Effluent Charges: It Works in the Federal Republic of Germany, Why Not in the U.S.?, 24 Nat. Resources J. 929-66 (1984).

Public Trust Protection for Stream Flows and Lake Levels (The Public Trust Doctrine in Natural Resources Law and Management: A Symposium), 14 U.C. Davis L. Rev. 233-67 (1980).

Ralph W. Johnson & E. Susan Crystal, Indians and Equal Protection (Symposium on Indian Law), 54 Wash. L. Rev. 587-632 (1979).

Ralph W. Johnson & E.M. Cooney, Harbor Lines and the Public Trust Doctrine in Washington Navigable Waters, 54 Wash. L. Rev. 275-314 (1979).

Our Salty Rivers: Legal and Institutional Approaches to Salinity Management, 13 Land & Water L. Rev. 441-64 (1978).

Richard B. Collins, Ralph W. Johnson & Kathy Imig Perkins, American Indian Courts and Tribal Self-Government (a rebuttal), 63 A.B.A. J. 808-15 (1977).

The States versus Indian Off-Reservation Fishing: A United States Supreme Court Error, 47 Wash. L. Rev. 207-36 (1972).

The Area of Origin and a Columbia River Diversion, 46 Wash. L. Rev. 245-81 (1971).

Ralph W. Johnson & G. Richard Morry, Filling and Building on Small Lakes: Time for Judicial and Legislative Controls, 45 Wash. L. Rev. 27-64 (1970).

Federal Organization for the Control of Weather Modification, 10 Nat. Resources J. 222-67 (1970).

Recreation, Fish, Wildlife, and the Public Land Law Review Commission (Symposium Representing an Analysis of the Public Land Law Review Commission Report), 6 Land & Water L. Rev. 283-98 (1970).

The New Law of Finance Charges: Disclosure Freedom of Entry, and Rate Ceilings (Consumer Credit Reform: A Symposium), 33 Law & Contemp. Probs. 671-85 (1968).

The Japan-United States Salmon Conflict (North Pacific Fisheries Symposium), 43 Wash. L. Rev. 1-43 (1967).

Ralph W. Johnson & Russell A. Austin, Jr., Recreational Rights and Titles to Beds on Western Lakes and Streams, 7 Nat. Resources J. 1-52 (1967).

The Canada-United States Controversy over the Columbia River, 41 Wash. L. Rev. 676-763 (1966).

Some Myths about Water Shortages, U. Wash. Bus. Rev. 5 (1965).

Regulation of Commercial Salmon Fishermen: A Case of Confused Objectives, 55 Pac. Northwest Q. 141-45 (1964).

Navigational Freedom for International Rivers: What Does It Mean?, 62 Mich. L. Rev. 465-84 (1964).

The Danube since 1948, 1963 Y.B. World Aff. 236-53.

Current Problems in the Teaching of International Law, 55 Am. Soc'y Int'l L. Proc. 218-25 (1961).

The Columbia River System (Current Legal Problems Connected with International Traversing River Systems: A Panel), 54 Am. Soc'y Int'l L. Proc. 120-34 (1960).

Effect of Existing Uses on the Equitable Apportionment of International Rivers: An American View,1 U. Brit. Colum. L. Rev. 389-408 (1960).

Sales: A Comparison of the Law in Washington and the Uniform Commercial Code, 34 Wash. L. Rev. 78-107 (1959).

Washington Timber Deeds and Contracts, 32 Wash. L. Rev. 30-46 (1957).

Navigable Rivers and Streams of Oregon-Tests of Navigability-Title to Beds-Rights of Public to Use, 29 Or. L. Rev. 267-81 (1949).

Conclusive Presumptions-Recitals in Deeds-Twigger v. Twigger, 28 Or. L. Rev. 368-76 (1949).

Master and Servant-Liability of Master for Assault by Servant-Scope of Employment, 28 Or. L. Rev. 83-85 (1948).

Literary Property-Contract-Vendibility of Ideas, 27 Or. L. Rev. 166-67 (1948).

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