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Joan Fitzpatrick, 1950-2003

Joan Fitzpatrick

Biographical Information


  • B.A. summa cum laude, History, 1972. Rice University. Phi Beta Kappa
  • J.D. magna cum laude, 1975. Harvard Law School
  • Diploma in Law, 1980. Oxford University


University of Washington School of Law

  • Jeffrey & Susan Brotman Professor of Law, March 2000
  • Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, July 1993 to June 1994
  • Associate Professor, Jan. 1984 to Sept. 1985

Fundamentals of Human Rights, Oxford University/George Washington University Program in Human Rights, Oxford, 1996, 1998, 1999 & 2002

Immigration Law, University of San Diego Program in Paris, 1997

Immigration Law, University of San Diego Program in Mexico City, 1990

Associate Professor of Law, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, July 1982 to Jan. 1984

Visiting Associate Professor of Law, University of Virginia, Aug. 1982 to May 1983

Assistant Professor of Law, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Aug. 1980 to July 1982

Attorney, Civil Rights Division, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, Feb. 1977 to Sept. 1979

Trial attorney, Bureau of Competition, U.S. Federal Trade Commission, Washington, DC, Sept. 1975 to Feb. 1977

Awards & Honors

Jeffrey & Susan Brotman Endowed Professorship, University of Washington School of Law, 2000.

Horowitz Lecturer for Teaching Excellence, 1991-92, University of Washington School of Law.

Spencer Short Award for Excellence in Scholarship, 1994-95, University of Washington School of Law.

University of Washington Law School Foundation Scholar, 1995-97.

Professor of the Year, 1985-86, 1987-88, University of Washington School of Law.

Bar Memberships

Bar of Massachusetts

Bar of the U.S. Supreme Court


Obituaries & Tributes

Joan Fitzpatrick Human Rights Conference, Feb. 27-29, 2004, at the University of Cincinnati Law School, in conjunction with Amnesty International USA Legal Network's biannual meeting.

Roland L. Hjorth, Joan Fitzpatrick: In Memoriam, 78 Wash. L. Rev. 973-75 (2003).

Elizabeth J. Kane, In Memory of Joan Fitzpatrick: A Former Student's Perspective, 78 Wash. L. Rev. 977-79 (2003).

Daniel Bodansky, Joan Fitzpatrick (1950-2003), 97 Am. J. Int'l L. 656 (2003).

The Guardian (UK), May 23, 2003, by Irene Khan, Secretary-General of Amnesty International, reprinted at 78 Wash. L. Rev. 981-83 (2003).

The Seattle Times, May 23, 2003.

Comments upon Prof. Fitzpatrick's installation as the Jeffrey & Susan Brotman Professor of Law, March 2000.



Human Rights Protection for Refugees, Asylum-Seekers, and Internally Displaced Persons: A Guide to International Mechanisms And Procedures (Joan Fitzpatrick ed., Transnational 2002). 665 pages.

David Weissbrodt, Joan Fitzpatrick & Frank Newman, International Human Rights: Law, Policy, and Process (3d ed.  Anderson 2001). 1150 pages.

Human Rights and Forced Displacement (Anne F. Bayefsky & Joan Fitzpatrick eds., Martinus Nijhoff 2001). 320 pages. (Refugees and Human Rights vol. 4)

Jordan J. Paust, Joan Fitzpatrick & Jon M. Van Dyke, International Law and Litigation in the U.S. (West Group 2000) 1038 pages. (American Casebook Series) and Documents Supplement (2000).

Human Rights in Crisis: The International System for Protecting Rights During States of Emergency (University of Pennsylvania Press 1994). 260 pages (Procedural Aspects of International Law Series vol. 19)


Chapters in Books

Joan Fitzpatrick & Rafael Bonoan, Cessation of Refugee Protection, in Refugee Protection in International Law: UNHCR'S Global Consultations on International Protection (Erika Feller, Volker Turk & Frances Nicholson eds., Cambridge University Press 2003).

Harmonized Subsidiary Protection in the European Union-A View from the United States, in Subsidiary Protection of Refugees in the European Union: Complementing the Geneva Convention (Daphne Bouteillet Paquet ed., Bruylant Publishers 2002).

Human Rights Fact-Finding, in The UN Human Rights Treaty System in the 21st Century (Anne F. Bayefsky ed., Martinus Nijhoff 2000).

The Role of Domestic Courts in Enforcing Human Rights Law, in Guide to International Human Rights Practice (Hurst Hannum ed., 3d ed. Transnational 1999).

States of Emergency in the Inter-American Human Rights System, in The Inter-American System of Human Rights (David Harris & Stephen Livingstone eds., Oxford University Press 1998).

Is the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees Obsolete?, in Immigration Admissions: The Search for Workable policies in Germany and the United States (K. Hailbronner, D. Martin & H. Motomura eds., Berghahn Books 1997).

The Problem of Cultural Relativity Seen Through the Lens of International Standards Relating to the Death Penalty, in Contemporary International Law Issues: Conflicts and Convergence 324 (T.C.M. Asser Institute 1996).

International Crime Law, in Introduction to Transnational Legal Transactions (Marylin J. Raisch & Roberta I. Shaffe, eds., Oceana Publications 1995).

The Use of International Human Rights Norms to Combat Violence Against Women, in Human Rights of Women: National and International Perspectives (Rebecca Cook ed., University of Pennsylvania Press 1994).

Protection Against Abuse of the Concept of "Emergency," in Human Rights: An Agenda for the Next Century (Louis Henkin & John Lawrence Hargrove eds., American Society of International Law, 1994).

The Principle and Practice of Temporary Refuge: A Customary Norm Protecting Civilians Fleeing Internal Armed Conflict, in The New Asylum Seekers: Refugee Law in the 1980s (D. Martin ed., 1988).

The Enforcement of Human Rights Law, in International Law Association, Report of Conference (1988).

Temporary Refuge and Central American Refugees, in In Defense of the Alien (1987).



Speaking Law to Power: The War Against Terrorism and Human Rights, 14 European J. Int'l L. 241-64 (2003).

Rendition and Transfer in the War Against Terrorism: Guantanamo and Beyond, 25 Loyola L.A. Int'l & Com. L. Rev. 457-92 (2003).

Trafficking as a Human Rights Violation: The Complex Intersection of Legal Frameworks for Conceptualizing and Combating Trafficking, 24 Mich. J. Int'l L.1143-67 (2003).

Introduction to the Refugee Law Forum, 12 Pac. Rim L. & Pol'y J.1 (2003).

Sovereignty, Territoriality, and the Rule of Law, 25 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 303-40 (2002).

Consular Rights and the Death Penalty after LeGrand, 96 Procs. Am. Soc'y Int'l L. 309 (2002).

The Unreality of International Law in the United States and the LaGrand Case, 27 Yale J. Int'l L. 423-33 (2002).

Jurisdiction of Military Commissions and the Ambiguous War on Terrorism, 96 Am. J. Int'l L. 345-54 (2002).

The Constitutional and International Invalidity of Military Commissions under the November 13, 2001 Military Order, 7 Bender's Immig. Bull. 7 (2002).

Taking Stock: The Refugee Convention at 50, 2001 World Refugee Survey 22.

Refugee Protection in the Twenty-First Century, 43 German YB Int'l L. 77 (2000).

The Post-Exclusion Phase: Extradition, Prosecution and Expulsion, 12 Int'l J. Refugee L. 272-92 (2000) (Special Supplementary Issue co-edited by Joan Fitzpatrick).

Race, Immigration, and Legal Scholarship: A Response to Kevin Johnson, 2000 U. Ill. L. Rev. 603-11.

The End of Protection: Legal Standards for Cessation of Refugee Status and Withdrawal of Temporary Protection, 13 Georgetown Immig. L.J. 343-81 (1999).

Joan Fitzpatrick & Katrina R. Kelly, Gendered Aspects of Migration: Law and the Female Migrant, 22 Hastings Int'l & Comp. L. Rev. 47-112 (1998); reprinted at 20 Immig. & Nat'lity L. Rev. 57 (1999).

Deborah Anker, Joan Fitzpatrick & Andrew Shacknove, Crisis and Cure: A Reply to Hathaway/Neve and Schuck, 11 Harv. Human Rights J. 295-310 (1998).

Stealth UNIDROIT: Is USIA the Villain?, 31 N.Y. U. J. Int'l L. & Pol. 47-77 (1998-99)

The International Dimension of U.S. Refugee Law, 15 Berkeley J. Int'l L. 1-26 (1997).

The Gender Dimension of U.S. Immigration Policy, 9 Yale J. Law & Feminism 23-49 (1997).

The Preemptive and Interpretive Force of International Human Rights Law in State Courts, 90 Procs. Am. Soc. Int'l L. 262 (1996).

Revitalizing the 1951 Refugee Convention, 9 Harv. Hum. Rts. J. 229-53 (1996).

Ethical Refugee Policy and the Moral Relevance of Numbers: Response to Adelman and Churgin, 30 Int'l Migration Rev. 325 (1996).

The Relevance of Customary International Norms to the Death Penalty in the United States, 25 Ga. J. Int'l & Comp. L. 165-80 (1996).

Establishing Accountability for On-Going Human Rights Violations Through Litigation in U.S. Courts, 16 Whittier L. Rev. 439 (1995).

Joan Fitzpatrick & William McKay Bennett, A Lion in the Path? The Influence of International Law on the Immigration Policy of the United States, 70 Wash. L. Rev. 589-628 (1995); reprinted at 17 Immig. & Nat'lity L. Rev. 223 (1995-96).

Flight from Asylum: Trends Toward Temporary "Refuge" and Local Responses to Forced Migrations, 35 Va. J. Int'l L. 13-70 (1994); reprinted at 16 Immig. & Nat'lity L. Rev. 407 (1995).

The Claim to Foreign Sovereign Immunity by Individuals Sued for International Human Rights Violations, 15 Whittier L. Rev. 464-70 (1994).

Race, Criminal Justice and the Death Penalty, 15 Whittier L. Rev. 912 (1994).

U.S. Ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, 15 Whittier L. Rev. 334 (1994).

The Future of the Alien Tort Claims Act of 1789: Lessons from In re Marcos Human Rights Litigation, 67 St. John's L. Rev. 491-521 (1993).

Joan Fitzpatrick & Alice Miller, International Standards on the Death Penalty: Shifting Discourse, 19 Brooklyn J. Int'l L. 273-366 (1993).

Reducing the FSIA Barrier to Human Rights Litigation - Is Amendment Necessary and Possible?, 86 Procs. Am. Soc. Int'l L. 338 (1992).

Anne F. Bayefsky & Joan Fitzpatrick, International Human Rights in United States Courts: A Comparative Perspective, 14 Mich. J. Int'l L. 1-89 (1992).

Joan Fitzpatrick & Robert Pauw, Foreign Policy, Asylum and Discretion, 28 Willamette L. Rev. 751-71 (1992).

Proposed Reservations to the Convention Against Torture and Cruel, Inhuman, Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Remarks, 83 Procs. Am. Soc. Int'l L. 541 (1989).

The Impact of the Reagan Administration's International Population Policy on Human Rights Relating to Health and the Family, 20 N.Y.U. J. Int'l L. & Politics 169-91 (1987).

International Law and the Influx of Aliens: Sanctuary and the Right to Exclude, Remarks, 80 Procs. Am. Soc. Int'l L. 102-07 (1986).

Deborah Perluss & Joan F. Hartman, Temporary Refuge: Emergence of a Customary Norm, 26 Va. J. Int'l L. 551-626 (1986).

Ted Stein: Recollections of a Friend and Colleague, 61 Wash. L. Rev. 940 (1986).

Enforcement of International Human Rights Law in State and Federal Courts in the United States, 7 Whittier L. Rev. 741-51 (1985).

Derogation under Article 4 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 7 Hum. Rts. Q. 89-131 (1985).

"Unusual" Punishment: The Domestic Effects of International Norms Restricting the Application of the Death Penalty, 52 U. Cin. L. Rev. 655-99 (1983).

Racial Vote Dilution and Separation of Powers: An Exploration of the Conflict Between the Judicial "Intent" and the Legislative "Results" Standards, 50 Geo. Wash. L. Rev. 689-753 (1982).

Derogation from Human Rights Treaties in Public Emergencies-A Critique of Implementation by the European Commission and Court of Human Rights and the Human Rights Committee of the United Nations, 22 Harv. Int'l L.J. 1-52 (1981).


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