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Washington State Constitution: Amendments

Prepared by Mary Whisner, Christina Luini, and Frank Ott. Posted Sept. 2011; last updated July 11, 2013.

The people of Washington have amended the constitution over 100 times. This table lists the amendments and cites the Laws of Washington and, when available, the state voters' pamphlets.

For more on the history of the Constitution, particularly its drafting in 1889, see Washington State Constitution: History.

AmendmentArticle, Section AffectedTopicHistory
1 Art. XVI, Sec. 5 Investment of school fund 1893 Laws of Washington, p. 9 Section 1. Approved November, 1894.
2 Art. VI, Sec. 1 Qualifications of voters 1895 Laws of Washington, p. 60 Section 1. Approved November, 1896.
3 Art. VII, Sec. 2 Taxation 1899 Laws of Washington, p. 121 Section 1. Approved November, 1900.
4 Art. I, Sec. 11 Religious freedom 1903 Laws of Washington, p. 283 Section 1. Approved November, 1904.
5 Art. VI, Sec. 1 Qualifications of electors (women's suffrage)
1909 Laws of Washington, p. 26 Section 1. Approved November, 1910.
6 Art. III, Sec. 10 Vacancy in office of governor 1909 Laws of Washington, p. 642 Section 1. Approved November, 1910.
7 Art. II, Secs. 1, 21 Legislative powers, where vested 1911 Laws of Washington, p. 136. Approved November, 1912.
8 Art. I, Secs. 33, 34 Recall of elective officers 1911 Laws of Washington, p. 504 Section 1. Approved November, 1912.
9 Art. I, Sec. 16 Eminent domain

1919 Laws of Washington, p. 385 Section 1. Approved November, 1920.

10 Art. I, Sec. 22
Rights of the accused

1921 Laws of Washington, p. 79 Section 1. Approved November, 1922.

11 Art. VIII, Sec. 4 Moneys disbursed only by appropriations

1921 Laws of Washington, p. 80 Section 1. Approved November, 1922.

12 Art. XI, Sec. 5
County government
1923 p 254 Section 1. Approved November, 1924. 1924 voters' pamphlet.
13 Art. II, Sec. 15
Vacancies in legislature
1929 House Joint Resolution No. 13, p 689. Approved November, 1930. 1930 voters' pamphlet.
14 Art. VII, Sec. 1
Taxation 1929 p 499 Section 1. Approved November, 1930. 1930 voters' pamphlet.
15 Art. XV, Sec. 1
Harbor line commission
1931 p 417 Section 1. Approved November, 1932. 1932 voters' pamphlet.
16 Art. XII, Sec. 11
Stockholder liability
1939 Senate Joint Resolution No. 8, p 1024. Approved November, 1940. 1940 voters' pamphlet.
17 Art. VII, Sec. 2
Taxation
1943 House Joint Resolution No. 1, p 936. Approved November, 1944; 1944 voters' pamphlet.
18 Art. II, Sec. 40
Highway funds
1943 House Joint Resolution No. 4, p 938. Approved November, 1944. 1944 voters' pamphlet.
19 Art. VII, Sec. 3
Taxation of federal agencies and property
1945 House Joint Resolution No. 9, p 932. Approved November, 1946. 1946 voters' pamphlet.
20 Art. XXVIII, Sec. 1
Compensation of state officers
1947 Senate Joint Resolution No. 4, p 1371. Approved November 2, 1948. 1948 voters' pamphlet.
21 Art. XI, Sec. 4
County government and township organization
1947 Senate Joint Resolution No. 5, p 1372. Approved November 2, 1948. 1948 voters' pamphlet.
22 Art. XI, Sec. 7
County officers limited to two terms (repeal)
1947 House Joint Resolution No. 4, p 1385. Approved November 2, 1948. 1948 voters' pamphlet.
23 Art. XI, Sec. 16
Combined city and county
1947 House Joint Resolution No. 13, p 1386. Approved November 2, 1948. 1948 voters' pamphlet.
24 Art. II, Sec. 33
Alien ownership
1949 Senate Joint Resolution No. 9, p 999. Approved November 7, 1950. 1950 voters' pamphlet.
25 Art. IV, Sec. 3(a)
Establishing retirement age for judges of supreme and superior courts
1951 House Joint Resolution No. 6, p 960. Approved November 4, 1952. 1952 voters' pamphlet.
26 Art. II, Sec. 41
Permitting the legislature to amend initiative measures
1951 Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 7, p 959. Approved November 4, 1952. 1952 voters' pamphlet.
27 Art. VIII, Sec. 6
Extending bonding powers of school districts
1951 House Joint Resolution No. 8, p 961. Approved November 4, 1952. 1952 voters' pamphlet.
28 Art. IV, Secs. 6, 10
Increasing monetary jurisdiction of justice courts
1951 Substitute House Joint Resolution No. 13, p 962; Approved November 4, 1952. 1952 voters' pamphlet.
29 Art. II, Sec. 33
Alien ownership
1953 House Joint Resolution No. 16, p 853. Approved November 2, 1954. 1954 voters' pamphlet.
30 Art. II, Secs. 1, 1(a)
Initiative and referendum petitions
1955 Senate Joint Resolution No. 4, p 1860. Approved November 6, 1956. 1956 voters' pamphlet.
31 Art. III, Sec. 25
Qualifications, compensation, offices which may be abolished
1955 Senate Joint Resolution No. 6, p 1861. Approved November 6, 1956. 1956 voters' pamphlet.
32 Art. II, Sec. 15
Vacancies in legislature and in partisan county elective office
1955 Senate Joint Resolution No. 14, p 1862. Approved November 6, 1956. 1956 voters' pamphlet.
33 Art. XIV, Sec. 1
State boundaries
1957 Senate Joint Resolution No. 10, p 1292. Approved November 4, 1958. 1958 voters' pamphlet.
34 Art. I, Sec. 11
Religious freedom
1957 Senate Joint Resolution No. 14, p 1299. Approved November 4, 1958. 1958 voters' pamphlet.
35 Art. II, Sec. 25
Extra compensation prohibited
1957 Senate Joint Resolution No. 18, p 1301. Approved November 4, 1958. 1958 voters' pamphlet.
36 Art. II, Sec. 1
Publication and distribution of voters' pamphlets
1961 Senate Joint Resolution No. 9, p 2751. Approved November, 1962. 1962 voters' pamphlet
37 Art. XXIII, Sec. 1
Publication of proposed constitutional amendments
1961 Senate Joint Resolution No. 25, p 2753. Approved November, 1962. 1962 voters' pamphlet.
38 Art. IV, Sec. 2(a)
Temporary performance of judicial duties
1961 House Joint Resolution No. 6, p 2757. Approved November, 1962. 1962 voters' pamphlet.
39 Art. II, Sec. 42
Governmental continuity during emergency periods
1961 House Joint Resolution No. 9, p 2758. Approved November, 1962. 1962 voters' pamphlet.
40 Art. XI, Sec. 10
City charters
1963 ex.s. Senate Joint Resolution No. 1, p 1526. Approved November 3, 1964. 1964 voters' pamphlet.
41 Art. IV, Sec. 29
Election of superior court judges
1965 ex.s. Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 6, p 2815. Approved November 8, 1966. 1966 voters' pamphlet.
42 Art. II, Sec. 33
Alien ownership (repeal)
1965 ex.s. Senate Joint Resolution No. 20, p 2816. Approved November 8, 1966.1966 voters' pamphlet.
43 Art. IX, Sec. 3
Common school construction fund
1965 ex.s. Senate Joint Resolution No. 22, part 1, p 2817. Approved November 8, 1966. 1966 voters' pamphlet.
44 Art. XVI, Sec. 5
Investment of permanent school fund
1965 ex.s. Senate Joint Resolution No. 22, part 2, p 2817. Approved November 8, 1966. 1966 voters' pamphlet.
45 Art. VIII, Sec. 8
Port expenditures to promote industrial or trade development
1965 ex.s. Senate Joint Resolution No. 25, p 2819. Approved November 8, 1966.1966 voters' pamphlet.
46 Art. VI, Sec. 1A
Voter qualifications for presidential elections
1965 ex.s. Substitute House Joint Resolution No. 4, p 2820. Approved November 8, 1966. 1966 voters' pamphlet.
47 Art. VII, Sec. 10
Retired persons property tax exemption
1965 ex.s. House Joint Resolution No. 7, p 2821. Approved November 8, 1966.1966 voters' pamphlet.
48 Art. VIII, Sec. 3
Publication of laws authorizing state debt
1965 ex.s. House Joint Resolution No. 39, p 2822. Approved November 8, 1966. 1966 voters' pamphlet.
49 Art. XXIX, Sec. 1
Investment of public pension funds
1969 Senate Joint Resolution No. 5, p 2975. Approved November 5, 1968. 1968 voters' pamphlet (King County).
50 Art. IV, Sec. 30
Authorizing state court of appeals
1969 Senate Joint Resolution No. 6, p 2975. Approved November 5, 1968. 1968 voters' pamphlet (King County).
51 Art. VIII, Sec. 9
Providing for state building authority
1969 Senate Joint Resolution No. 17, p 2976. Approved November 5, 1968. 1968 voters' pamphlet (King County).
52 Art. II, Sec. 15; Art. XI, Sec. 6
Vacancy in legislative and county elective offices
1969 Senate Joint Resolution No. 24, p. 2976. Approved November 5, 1968. 1968 voters' pamphlet (King County).
53 Art. VII, Sec. 11
Taxation based on actual use ("open space" amendment)
1969 House Joint Resolution No. 1, p 2976. Approved November 5, 1968. 1968 voters' pamphlet (King County).
54 Art. XXX, Sec. 1
Authorizing compensation increase during term for officials who do not set own salary
1969 House Joint Resolution No. 13, p 2976. Approved November 5, 1968. 1968 voters' pamphlet (King County).
55 Art. VII, Sec. 2
Property taxation – one percent limitation
1971 Senate Joint Resolution No. 1, p 1827. Approved November, 1972. 1972 voters' pamphlet.
56 Art. II, Sec. 24
Permitting authorization of lotteries
1971 Senate Joint Resolution No. 5, p 1828. Approved November 7, 1972.1972 voters' pamphlet.
57 Art. XI, Secs. 5, 8
Setting of county officers' salaries
1971 Senate Joint Resolution No. 38, p 1829. Approved November, 1972. 1972 voters' pamphlet.
58 Art. XI, Sec. 16
Combined city-county governments
1971 House Joint Resolution No. 21, p 1831. Approved November, 1972. 1972 voters' pamphlet.
59 Art. VII, Sec. 2
Changing excess levy election formula
1971 House Joint Resolution No. 47, p 1834. Approved November, 1972. 1972 voters' pamphlet.
60 Art. VIII, Secs. 1, 3
Changing constitutional debt limitation formula
1971 House Joint Resolution No. 52, p 1836. Approved November, 1972. 1972 voters' pamphlet.
61 Art. XXXI
Sex equality – rights and responsibilities (Equal Rights Amendment)
1972 House Joint Resolution No. 61, p 526. Approved November, 1972. 1972 voters' pamphlet.
62 Art. III, Sec. 12
Governor's veto power
1974 Senate Joint Resolution No. 140, p 806. Approved November 5, 1974. 1974 voters' pamphlet (North King County).
63 Art. VI, Sec. 1
Qualifications of electors (residency)
1974 Senate Joint Resolution No. 143, p 807. Approved November 5, 1974. 1974 voters' pamphlet (North King County).
64 Art. VII, Sec. 2
Excess school levies
1975-'76 2nd ex.s. Senate Joint Resolution No. 137, p 518. Approved November 2, 1976. 1976 voters' pamphlet (King County).
65 Art. IV, Secs. 6, 10
Jurisdiction of superior courts, justices of the peace (district courts)
1977 Senate Joint Resolution No. 113, p 1714. Approved November 8, 1977. 1977 voters' pamphlet.
66 Art. XII, Sec. 18
Transportation rates
1977 House Joint Resolution No. 55, p 1713. Approved November 8, 1977. 1977 voters' pamphlet.
67 Art. XII, Sec. 14
Prohibition against combinations by carriers (repeal)
1977 House Joint Resolution No. 57, p 1714. Approved November 8, 1977. 1977 voters' pamphlet.
68 Art. II, Sec. 12
Sessions of legislature
1979 Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 110, p 2286. Approved November 6, 1979. 1979 voters' pamphlet.
69 Art. II, Sec. 13
Legislators holding other offices
1979 Senate Joint Resolution No. 112, p 2287. Approved November 6, 1979. 1979 voters' pamphlet.
70 Art. VIII, Sec. 10
Allowing municipal utilities to help homeowners finance energy conservation measures
1979 Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 120, p 2288. Approved November 6, 1979. 1979 voters' pamphlet.
71 Art. IV, Sec. 31
Judicial Qualifications Commission
1980 Substitute House Joint Resolution No. 37, p 652. Approved November 4, 1980. 1980 voters' pamphlet.
72 Art. II, Sec. 1
Certification of initiatives to Legislature 1981 Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 133, p 1796. Approved November 3, 1981. 1981 voters' pamphlet.
73 Art. XXXII, Sec. 1
Special revenue financing
1981 Substitute House Joint Resolution No. 7, p 1794. Approved November 3, 1981. 1981 voters' pamphlet.
74 Art. II, Sec. 43
Commission for redistricting of state legislative and congressional districts 1983 Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 103, p 2202. Approved November 8, 1983. 1983 voters' pamphlet.
75 Art. XXIX, Sec. 1
Investment of state industrial insurance funds
1985 House Joint Resolution No. 12, p 2398. Approved November 5, 1985. 1985 voters' pamphlet.
76 Art. VIII, Sec. 11
Agricultural commodity commissions
1985 House Joint Resolution No. 42, p 2402. Approved November 5, 1985. 1985 voters' pamphlet.
77 Art. IV, Sec. 31
Judicial Qualifications Commission
1986 Senate Joint Resolution No. 136, p 1532. Approved November 4, 1986. 1986 voters' pamphlet.
78 Art. XXVIII, Sec. 1
Authorizing independent commission to set salaries of legislators, judges, and other officials
1986 Substitute House Joint Resolution No. 49, p 1529. Approved November 4, 1986.1986 voters' pamphlet.
79 Art. VII, Sec. 2
Allowing school excess levies
1986 House Joint Resolution No. 55, p 1530. Approved November 4, 1986. 1986 voters' pamphlet.
80 Art. IV, Sec. 7
Allowing retired superior court judges to complete pending cases
1987 Senate Joint Resolution No. 8207, p 2815. Approved November 3, 1987. 1987 voters' pamphlet.
81 Art. VII, Sec. 1
1988 House Joint Resolution No. 4222, p 1551. Approved November 8, 1988. 1988 voters' pamphlet (Edition 1).
82 Art. VIII, Sec. 10
Allowing local utilities to help owners of buildings and structure finance energy efficiency measures
1988 House Joint Resolution No. 4223, p 1551. Approved November 8, 1988. 1988 voters' pamphlet (Edition 1).
83 Art. VI, Sec. 3
Disqualification from elective franchise
1988 House Joint Resolution No. 4231, p 1553. Approved November 8, 1988. 1988 voters' pamphlet (Edition 1).
84 Art. I, Sec. 35
Crime victims' rights
1989 Senate Joint Resolution No. 8200, p 2999. Approved November 7, 1989. 1989 voters' pamphlet (Edition 1).
85 Art. IV, Sec. 31
Commission on Judicial Conduct
1989 Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 8202, p 3000. Approved November 7, 1989. 1989 voters' pamphlet (Edition 1).
86 Art. VIII, Sec. 10
Energy conservation assistance
1989 Senate Joint Resolution No. 8210, p 3003. Approved November 7, 1989. 1989 voters' pamphlet (Edition 1).
87 Art. IV, Sec. 6
Providing that superior courts and district courts have concurrent jurisdiction in equity
1993 House Joint Resolution No. 4201, p 3063. Approved November 2, 1993. Bill summary. 1993 voters' pamphlet.
88 Art. I, Sec. 11
Permitting municipalities and state agencies to employ chaplains
1993 House Joint Resolution No. 4200, p 3062. Approved November 2, 1993. Bill summary. 1993 voters' pamphlet.
89 Art. IV, Sec. 3
Revising size and leadership of supreme court

Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 8210, 1995 Laws of Washington, p. 2905. Approved November 7, 1995.

90 Art. VII, Sec. 2
Allowing school levies for four-year periods

House Joint Resolution No. 4208, 1997 Laws of Washington, p. 3063. Approved November 4, 1997.

91 Art. VIII, Sec. 10
Authorizing public money derived from the sale of stormwater or sewer services to be used in financing stormwater and sewer conservation and efficiency measures

House Joint Resolution No. 4209, 1997 Laws of Washington, p. 3065. Approved November 4, 1997.

92 Art. VIII, Sec. 1
Guaranteeing school district debt

Senate Joint Resolution No. 8206, 1999 Laws of Washington, p. 2387.  Approved November 2, 1999.

93 Art. XIX, Sec. 1
Investment of public pension or retirement fund or industrial insurance fund

Senate Joint Resolution No. 8214, 2000 Laws of Washington, p 1919. Approved November 7, 2000.

94 Art. IV, Sec. 7
Exchange of judges, judges pro tempore

Engrossed Senate Joint Resolution No. 8208, 2001 Laws of Washington, p. 2327-28. Approved November 6, 2001.

95 Art. VII, Sec. 2
Limitation on levies

House Joint Resolution No. 4220, 2002 Laws of Washington, p. 2203. Approved November 5, 2002.

96 Art. II, Sec. 15
Vacancies in Legislative and Partisan County Elective Offices

House Joint Resolution No. 4206, 2003 Laws of Washington, p. 2819. Approved November 4, 2003.

97 Art. IV, Sec. 31
Commission on Judicial Conduct

Senate Joint Resolution No. 8207, 2005 Laws of Washington, pp. 2799-2800. Approved November 8, 2005.

98 Art. VII, Sec. 1
Personal Property Tax Exemption

House Joint Resolution No. 4223, 2006 Laws of Washington, p. 2117. Approved November 7, 2006.

99 Art. VII, Sec. 12
Budget stabilization account

Engrossed Substitute Senate Joint Resolution No. 8206, 2007 Laws of Washington, pp. 3146-47. Approved November 6, 2007.

100 Art. II, Sec. 29
Convict labor

Senate Joint Resolution No. 8212, 2007 Laws of Washington, p. 3143. Approved November 6, 2007.

101 Art. VII, Sec. 2
Limitation on levies

2007 Engrossed House Joint Resolution No. 4204, pp 3143-3145. Approved November 6, 2007.

102 Art. XVI, Sec. 6
Investment of higher education permanent funds

Substitute House Joint Resolution No. 4215, 2007 Laws of Washington, p 3145. Approved November 6, 2007.

103 Art. VIII, Sec. 1
State debt

Senate Joint Resolution No. 8225, 2010 Laws of Washington, pp. 3129-32.  Approved November 2, 2010.

104 Art. I, Sec. 20
Bail, when authorized

Engrossed Substitute House Joint Resolution No. 4220, 2010 Laws of Washington, p 3129.  Approved November 2, 2010.

105 Art. VI, Sec. 1A Voter qualifications for presidential elections (repealed)

Senate Joint Resolution No. 8205, 2011 Laws of Washington, p 4281. Approved November 8, 2011.

106 Art. VII, Sec. 12
Budget stabilization account

Senate Joint Resolution No. 8206, 2011 Laws of Washington, pp 4281-4283. Approved November 8, 2011.

107 Art. VII, Sec. 1
State debt

Engrossed Senate Joint Resolution No. 8221,  2012 Laws of Washington, pp. 2429-2432. Approved November 6, 2012.

  • Bill status page (includes text of bill, committee reports)
  • 2012 Voters' Guide (online version from Secretary of State includes text, explanatory statement, fiscal impact statement, statements for and against, and the votes for and against in the legislature)

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