U.S. Administrative Law Research: General Sources
Administrative law is the body of law created by administrative agencies in the form of rules, regulations, procedures, orders, and decisions. The Administrative Procedure Act, 5 USC §§551 et seq., establishes the basic procedural standards for federal agencies.
Agencies are given the authority to issue and enforce regulations by acts of Congress. This delegation of authority may be general or specific. For an example of a general delegation of authority, see the National Labor Relations Act provision giving the National Labor Relations Board authority to "rules and regulations as may be necessary" to implement the act. (29 U.S.C. §156). Contrast that general statement with the more specific delegation of authority in the Organic Foods Product Act of 1990, which gives the Secretary of Agriculture the authority to develop "detailed regulations . . . [for] the implementation of the standards for livestock products" (7 U.S.C.§ 6509 (g)).
This guide identifies general sources on current regulatory activities, selected law books on administrative law, useful directories, and other legal research guides.
- U.S. Administrative Law Research: Agency Decisions (print and online sources)
- U.S. Administrative Law Research: Rules & Regulations (Code of Federal Regulations and Federal Register)
Some commercial sources require passwords; other sources are UW Restricted.
See also the Gallagher guide on Washington State Administrative Law Research.
RegInfo.gov, a portal to federal regulatory information
Contains the semiannual Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions, related documents, a RegMap that provides an overview of the rule-making process, and links to relevant websites.
For scholarly treatments see:
Administrative Law Treatise, 5th ed. 3 vols. Updated annually. Table of contents
KF5402.D32 2010 at Reference Area
For a much-abbreviated overview, see Administrative Law and Process in a Nutshell, 5th ed. Table of contents & index
KF5402.Z9G4 2006 at Reference Area
The U.S. Government Manual (annual) provides overviews of Congress, the judicial branch, and executive branch agencies and departments. Includes historical information on changes in agency organization.
- Print: JK421.U57 at Reference Area & Reference Office, current edition; earlier editions, 1973-last year at Classified Stacks
- Internet: FDsys, 1995-date
- Westlaw: US-GOVMAN, current edition
The Federal Regulatory Directory contains extensive descriptions about individual regulatory agencies, with appendices of the Administrative Procedure Act and the Freedom of Information Act.
KF5406.A15F4 at Reference Office, current edition
A Guide to the Rulemaking Process, from the Office of the Federal Register, reviews proposed and final rules processes.
A Research Guide to the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations by the Law Librarians' Society of Washington, DC covers history, contents and organization; citations; the Unified Agenda; indexes; and the List of Sections Affected.
Georgetown Law Library's Administrative Law Research Tutorial illustrates the regulatory process and the sources of law that process creates (agency regulations and decisions). It includes review questions to help you assess your understanding of the process and materials.
Tracking Current Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Basic Sources (2007), by the Congressional Research Service, describes official and commercial sources and services.
The Law Library of Congress's Administrative Law Guide covers presidential, executive branch, and agency-specific material.
Several CALI lessons also provide useful reviews of the rule-making and adjudicative processes.
The Center for Regulatory Effectiveness was established "provide Congress with independent analyses of agency regulations."
The website features a weekly newsletter (Regweek), reports on special projects (such as human volunteer research and erogonomics), litigation involving regulations, and abstracts and reviews of new papers.
The FederalRegister.gov website provides useful historical statistics on pages and types of documents published in the Register [note: scroll down to Statistics].